UP Govt Is Searching for Consultants to Assist Grow to be a $1-Trillion Financial system. Does That Make Sense?


The federal government of Uttar Pradesh lately printed an commercial in distinguished newspapers through which it mentioned it was trying to “interact a advisor to spice up the scale of the economic system of Uttar Pradesh to $1 trillion in 5 years (2022-2027)”.

As per the request for proposal (RFP) doc, out there on the web site of the state Planning Division, a advisor has been outlined as “any Coaching & Analysis Institutes or Universities or Consulting Corporations or Authorities Departments or Topic Matter Specialists or entity or particular person or affiliation of individuals which will present or supplies the Providers to the Employer underneath the contract. (sic)”

Thus, a operate which to date has been the protect of the federal government officers and economists working in planning and different departments is prone to be outsourced to exterior businesses.

The Uttar Pradesh authorities had made an identical try in June 2020. As per newspaper experiences, eight corporations had submitted bids, together with Deloitte, Boston Consulting Group, IIM-Lucknow and Grant Thornton. Nevertheless, the method didn’t seem to finish in success. 

Is the Uttar Pradesh authorities’s try and outsource financial planning an expression of ‘no-confidence’ in its forms, planners, economists, ministers and chief minister, or is it a (modest) administrative-bureaucratic breakdown?

Whereas it is a topic for deeper scrutiny, it little doubt marks a paradigm shift in our financial and social pondering.

To interact consultants?

It’s not that governments can not interact consultants. The web site of the Uttar Pradesh authorities’s Planning Division mentions, “The Division of Planning … is primarily chargeable for making a improvement plan for the state, to provoke and undertake needed workout routines for this function and oversee and take an over-all view of the implementation of the plan, with out diluting in any method the position of various departments of the state authorities within the formulation and implementation of their respective plans.” 

Additional, the ‘Guide for Procurement of Consultancy & Different Providers, 2017′, issued by the Union authorities, finance ministry and the Division of Expenditure, supplies for hiring consultants or exterior professionals “for a particular job, which is well-defined when it comes to content material and timeframe for its completion. Engagement of consultants could also be resorted to in conditions requiring high-quality companies for which the procuring entity doesn’t have requisite experience” (para1.10.1).

Whereas these tips have been framed by and are relevant to departments of Union authorities, state governments will be anticipated to honour this framework, particularly when the governments on the Union and state ranges are dominated by the identical political celebration; the so-called ‘double engine’. 

Additional, ‘Financial and social planning’ is listed in Clause 20 of Checklist III (the Concurrent Checklist) underneath the Seventh Schedule to the Structure of India. This suggests {that a} state authorities can search the assistance of the Union authorities and/or the NITI Aayog – the brand new avatar of the erstwhile Planning Fee – for any technical inputs or experience whereas framing its plan, ought to there be a necessity. 

Financial planning and strategic selections

The underlying assumption in any enterprise technique, together with that of a state, is that one can not excel at the whole lot and that assets are all the time finite. So, one should make strategic selections.

Key amongst these selections is a important determination: which components of labor have to be carried out by the federal government itself and which of them needs to be outsourced? To make a sound determination of this kind, the federal government should start by figuring out the work of its equipment that’s ‘mission important’; and within the realm of statecraft, mission important work can’t be entrusted to outsiders.

The Reserve Financial institution of India (RBI), as an example, can not fully outsource the framing of financial coverage to an outdoor company, resembling a consultancy agency or a suppose tank, nevertheless environment friendly and reputed the company could also be. 

Apart from, entrusting the planning course of to outsiders comes with its attendant dangers. Consultants chosen to undertake such an train could primarily include personnel who could lack an understanding of native situations and folks’s aspirations normally. Given our proclivity to pick reputed corporations which have a world standing, such a niche between floor realities and technical prescription could, certainly, fail to realize the promised goal.

Any plan, whether or not ready in-house or devised by an exterior company, will even require field-level equipment for its profitable implementation. Presuming that the state equipment implements the plan, are we divorcing the planning personnel from these implementing mentioned plan? In that case, each may need much less pores and skin within the recreation, thus thwarting the last word goal of outsourcing financial planning. The outsourcing association would additionally shift the accountability for built-in planning to gamers who usually are not answerable (periodically) to voters.

In the present day it’s financial planning; tomorrow it may very well be inner safety and legislation and order. Because the checklist of areas grows, the times when political leaders will simply marshal cash energy; misuse or abuse social platforms and digital media; resort to pre-election financial munificence as a quid professional quo for getting elected; and, post-victory, depart governance to outsourced businesses, usually are not far-off. This can add a brand new which means to a ‘authorities of the folks, by the folks and for the folks’.’  

A pacesetter – on this case, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath, with 20 years of legislative and administrative expertise – is predicted to have mastered statecraft and the means to realize financial progress by channelling assets at his command as a substitute of shifting the accountability to consultants, who’re largely world consultancy corporations having unproven credentials in planning for a state or a rustic as an entire.

Most significantly, aiming to realize the objective of turning into a one trillion greenback economic system in 5 years – that’s, rising the economic system to 4 occasions of the present Gross State Home Product (GSDP) – could not, by itself, be social good. Considerations have been expressed lately that the focus of financial powers within the fingers of some and blatant crony capitalism could fail to realize an equitable and simply society. In any case, isn’t an enchancment within the normal way of life of the folks the last word intention of any planning course of?

Ganga N. Rath is a former central banker. Views expressed are private.


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